the profession is undergoing radical change, and so is the seafarers’ own
understanding of their role. New seamen and seawomen are trained to follow
procedures, reducing the opportunities for them to exercise their discretion.
perceive this development as a threat to safety.
Technology and procedures take over;
they value less the knowledge transfer from experienced seafarers
lot of the practical work on board ship is embodied knowledge that needs to be
learned through working with experienced seafarers. The formalized procedures
seem to value this knowledge transfer less,” says Torgeir Kolstø Haavik from NTNU
and a research team at NTNU and Safetec, a provider of risk management
services, have interviewed fourteen seafarers aged 22 to 62, and have
documented their understanding of how the profession has changed.
work was carried out as part of the “Professional competence, standardization
and safety in aviation and the maritime industry” project
and administrative changes in the work environment affect how we understand
good seamanship and maritime safety. The bridge has seen a lot of new
technology, including navigation and positioning,” says Haavik.
Most situations have technological
technology has changed the work tasks in the engine room as well, with
increased automation and data collection for use in on-land analyses. Most
situations have technological solutions, such as keeping the boat in a stable
position during loading and unloading at offshore installations.
For monitoring automatic systems classic
nautical skills aren’t all needed
these innovations alter the professional competence related to safety. When
navigators monitor the automatic systems instead of doing the navigating
themselves, the classic nautical skills aren’t all needed or sufficient to do
Operations at sea cause unforeseen
situations that there aren’t any procedures for
job and the tasks are changing. That’s a fact,” says Haavik.” But, he points
out, operations at sea can involve other vessels, technical problems and
demanding weather conditions that cause unforeseen situations that there aren’t
any procedures for.
Concepts without content
Norwegian Maritime Code states that “The master shall ensure that the
navigation and management of the ship accords with good seamanship.” But what
exactly is “good seamanship”? New and experienced sailors have different views
isn’t necessarily problematic in and of itself that a concept loses its
content. But as long as both international and national regulations require
“good seamanship,” and the Accident Investigation Board can conclude that “poor
seamanship” has been exhibited, it would be interesting to know what the term
means to the professionals. If the content is changing, it’s important for this
to be captured and discussed,” Haavik says.
article appears courtesy Gemini Research News.