The World Bank
Tuesday, Jan 5, estimated the cost of damage at Beirut Port from the Aug. 4,
2020 blast at $350 million, but insisted that reforming this facility should be
one of the conditions before rebuilding it.
Lebanon’s port sector is a prerequisite for building back a better Port of
Beirut and revitalizing the Lebanese economy,” according to a new World Bank
note that aims to provide guidance to policymakers on the crucial additional
requirements for the rebuilding of the port.
RDNA estimated damage to PoB at about $350 million
“A Rapid Damage and Needs Assessment (RDNA),
prepared by the World Bank in cooperation with the United Nations and the
European Union, estimated damage to the PoB at about $350 million.” the note
The cause of the
explosion has not been established yet by the Lebanese authorities and
The blast has left
209 people dead, wounded hundreds more, displaced 300,000 citizens and
inflicted heavy material damage at the port and most parts of Beirut.
Nearly 80 percent of Lebanon exports and imports go through Beirut
Lebanon is seeking
international assistance to rebuild Beirut Port but many European countries and
international organizations are insisting on real reforms of this vital
The blast has also
exposed the inefficiencies, mismanagement and even rampant corruption at Beirut
Port which was among the probable causes of the incident.
World Bank underscored importance of port governance; offered guiding
principles to help reforms
In its note titled
“Reforming and Rebuilding Lebanon’s Port Sector: Lessons from Global
Practices,” the World Bank underscored the importance of port governance and
border management reforms, and offered a set of guiding principles to help
inform port sector reforms in Lebanon and pave the way to rebuild a better PoB.
The note also
draws on extensive consultations with public and private sector organizations,
civil society, academia, and the diplomatic and donor communities.
are a direct result of the current mismanagement and lack of good governance of
the Port” the World Bank indicated.
Robust institutional framework for the port sector prerequisite to
rebuild the port
The World Bank
added that one of the prerequisites to rebuild the port was the establishment of
a robust institutional framework for the port sector.
will pave the way to rebuild a modern, transparent and efficient port and to
restore trust of the Lebanese society and port users into its capacity to
strengthen the economic fabric and provide support in overcoming the country’s
economic crisis,” the paper said.
New governance structure based on the landlord port model WB proposed
The World Bank
proposed “a new governance structure based on the landlord port model;
efficient and modern Customs, border agency and trade processes that have an
essential role in addressing transparency, predictability and security issues;
open and transparent bidding processes for selecting investors, operators or
concessionaires; quality infrastructure that is contingent on a countrywide
strategy for the port sector and a revised master plan for the Port of Beirut.”
implemented in a transparent and participatory manner, these reforms would meet
the demands and aspirations of the Lebanese people and all stakeholders toward
the efficient functioning of the Port,” the note said