New mandatory targets must push ports and ships into using shore power technology to reduce
emissions, according to the UK Chamber of Shipping.
This forms part of a 12-part mandatory
regulatory framework being recommended by the industry body, to drive
widespread adoption of shore power and other zero emission solutions at UK
ports by 2030 at the lates
China has 50 shore
power facilities while only two British ports have the facilities
The Chamber’s proposals come in response
to a call for evidence by the Department of Transport, and follow new findings
from Hong Kong based Fung Research, which shows China has 50 shore power
facilities. Currently only two British ports are equipped with shore power
facilities; Orkney and Southampton.
A report last year also found the US, Canada, Norway and Sweden have more
than double the UK’s shore power facilities.
Shore power provides electric charge
points which can replenish battery-powered ships in port. It also allows crews
to switch off engines while vessels are berthed.
UK is 20 years
behind on shore power
Sarah Treseder, CEO of the UK Chamber of
Shipping, said: “The UK is 20 years behind on shore power. Catching up now
requires a clear and targeted regulatory framework to drive adoption across our
fleets and ports.
The lack of availability of shore power
in ports remains one of the major barriers to the technology’s uptake across
the country. A recent survey of UK Chamber of Shipping members found 78%
consider the lack of port infrastructure to be the biggest hurdle to
implementation. Whereas 48% cited the cost of retrofitting existing fleets, and
43% pointed towards the lack of regulatory requirements.
The industry body also urges government
to invest alongside industry to drive adoption of shore power in ports and
ships, similar to how it has publicly invested in electric charging points for
cars, and how other governments have supported industry in developing their own
shore power facilities.
A compliance fine
Ships that don’t plug into electric shore
power technology at ports should also pay a compliance fine, according to the
12-point policy plan. And the proceeds should go towards establishing a new
greenhouse gas fund, dedicated towards rolling out shore power across all UK
ports and fleets.
The use of shore power in ports can
contribute to a substantial cut in local air and noise pollution, and help
deliver net zero by lowering ships’ emissions.